Thursday, August 15, 2019

RoHS 3 Directive


We know that full form of RoHS is Restriction of Hazardous Substances. It influences the whole electronics and electrical products. Here we will see the details about RoHS 3 directive and the particulars which will make our electrical and electronics products RoHS 3 compliant.

More details about RoHS, RoHS Substances and WEEE you can get from;

"RoHS and RoHS Substances"

"RoHS and WEEE for e-Waste"

What is RoHS 3 directive?

Let before understanding the RoHS 3 directive let get some details about RoHS 1 and RoHS 2.

The initial RoHS is Directive 2002/95/EC, where it restricts the use of six hazardous materials present in electrical and electronic products. This is also called as RoHS 1. RoHS is mandatory for all relevant electrical and electronics products in the EU market from July 1, 2006.

Then RoHS 2 is presented i.e. directive 2011/65/EU. It contains CE-marking directive.

Now RoHS 3 is introduced to update the present RoHS directive. RoHS 3 is also known as 2015/863 directive. With the introduction of RoHS 3 directive four extra or additional restricted substances (phthalates) are included or added to the list of previous six substances. Also it adds Category 11 products i.e. All other electrical and electronic equipment. These are not covered in other RoHS categories.

RoHS 3 Directive
RoHS 3

Why to proceed for RoHS 3 compliant products?

Initially the RoHS 1 directive (2002/95/EC) and RoHS 2 directive (2011/65/EU) restricts six hazardous substances. The list of six hazardous substances and their permitted content as follows;

  • Lead(Pb) : 0.1%
  • Mercury: 0.1%
  • Cadmium(Cd): 0.01%
  • Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) : 0.1%
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB): 0.1 %
  • Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE): 0.1 %
RoHS 3 directive EU 2015/863 added four more hazardous substances in the old list of six substances. The list of newly added four hazardous substances and their permitted content as follows;

  • Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP): max 0.1%
  • Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP): max 0.1%)
  • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP): max 0.1%
  • Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP): max 0.1%
These newly added substances i.e. phthalates are the chemicals whose applications are for softening the plastics.

Think if these substances are present in toys. These substances cause a severe problem to human being and damages vital human and animal organs. Because of these severe issues RoHS 3 is introduced.

RoHS 3 Directive
RoHS 3 Compliant

RoHS 3 exemptions

Let discuss about all RoHS exempted and impacted categories, here category for RoHS 3 exemptions also included.

As per the latest amendment categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10 and 11 are impacted from compliance according to schedule 1 of the WEEE Directive. Category 11 is newly added.

Category 8 and category 9 of the RoHS directive are presently exempted from compliance.

List of ROHS product categories;

Category 1 – Large household appliances: refrigerators, stoves, washers, air conditioners

Category 2 – Small household appliances: vacuum cleaners, hair dryers, coffee makers, irons

Category 3 – Computing & communications equipment: computers, printers, copiers, phones

Category 4 – Consumer electronics: DVD players, TVs, stereos, video cameras

Category 5 – Lighting: lamps, lighting fixtures, light bulbs

Category 6 – Power tools: drills, saws, nail guns, sprayers, lathes, trimmers, blowers

Category 7 – Toys and sports equipment: videogames, electric trains, treadmills

Category 8 – Medical devices and equipment

Category 9 – Control and monitoring equipment

Category 10 – Automatic dispensers: vending machines, ATM machines

Category 11 – All other electrical and electronic equipment

Categories 8 and 9 restrictions will go into effect from July 22, 2021. This is an extension given to medical devices and control – monitoring equipment’s. These are the medical and control devices and will take time for replacement. Immediately ban will affect the medical treatments and process.

Below lines are from;

COMMISSION DELEGATED DIRECTIVE (EU) 2015/863 of 31 March 2015

“The restriction of DEHP, BBP, DBP and DIBP shall apply to medical devices, including in vitro medical devices, and monitoring and control instruments, including industrial monitoring and control instruments, from 22 July 2021.”

RoHS 3 effective date

RoHS 3 effective date as per the amended standard;

From July 22, 2019 for all electrical and electronic apparatus other than categories 8 and 9, the restriction on the added four substances is in effect.

From July 22, 2021 categories 8 and 9 restrictions will go into effect.

These RoHS 3 deadlines every manufacturer should note otherwise they won’t get in EU market.

RoHS 3 declaration for products

Manufacturers can now include a new paragraph or statement (along with the old declaration of RoHS 1 and RoHS 2) on the declaration where they can declare;

Confirmation with the latest amendment along with latest directive number.

Mention limits for all the ten substances (adding four phthalates to the list).

For more details about RoHS 3 declaration please contact testing and certification agencies in your respective country.

Conclusion

We know now the importance of RoHS and how it is protecting human and environment from the hazardous substances. Introduction or inclusion of RoHS 3 directive definitely will help everyone and will make us aware about hazardous substances present in a product.

Even manufacturer now knows their responsibility and can’t sell product without declaration.

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